Black Fungus vs White Fungus vs Yellow Fungus: Signs and Symptoms

The imminent danger of COVID 19 is increasing day by day with other infections contributing to the suffering of the people – Black Fungus, White Fungus and Yellow Fungus. 

On May 24, 2021, a patient in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, was found to be infested with Black, White, and Yellow Fungus. The patient has been recovering from COVID-19 for the past two months as part of his treatment. 

The Signs and Symptoms of the Various Fungal Infections:

Black Fungus (Mucormycosis): It is a fungal infection that mostly affects people who are taking medications for other health issues that impair their ability to combat environmental pathogens.

It is caused by Mucor mould, commonly found in dirt, seeds, manure, and rotting fruits and vegetables. The Infection affects the brain, face, eye orbit, and nose and can lead to vision loss.

The black fungus has lately been declared an epidemic in four Indian states. About 8000 cases have been recorded to date in India.

Symptoms of Black Fungus Infection:

  • Fever
  • Pain and redness around eyes and/or nose.
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing
  • Blood in vomit
  • Altered mental status.

White Fungus (Candidiasis): It is a fungal infection that impacts vital organs like the brain, respiratory system, and digestive tract. 

It preys on those who are immunocompromised or have a low level of immunity. Mould-infested conditions make people more susceptible to contracting this fungal ailment. Although the sickness is not communicable, another immunocompromised person may be in danger if a patient inhales these particles. 

Diabetics, cancer patients, and those on long-term steroid treatment are all at higher risk of contracting white fungus.

Symptoms of White Fungus Infection:

  • Chest pain
  • Cough 
  • Breathlessness
  • Headaches
  • Pains
  • Infections
  • Swelling.

Yellow Fungus (Mucor Septicus): It is considered more dangerous than Black and White Fungus as it attacks internal organs. It starts by flooding your body from the inside like pus leakage, and poor wound healing, and, in severe situations, can result in life-threatening symptoms like organ failure and acute necrosis.

Symptoms of Yellow Fungus Infection:

  • Lethargy – Acute laziness, fatigue and exhaustion
  • Poor appetite/ no appetite – Loss of appetite, poor eating habits all of a sudden
  • Sunken Eyes/Poor Metabolism
  • Loss of Weight

The only recognised treatment option for combating the infection is Amphotericin B injection, which is an antifungal drug.

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